Some details about String
Author: Amol Shrestha
String is immutable. We cannot change the content of a string. For example,
var str = “This is a test”.
Here, str points to a location where the content of the string is located.
If we append something to the string like:
str += “and it does not matter much”.
Now, the str does not point to the same memory address. Rather str points to a new address and the content is “This is a test and it does not matter much”.
Referring to StringBuilder, if we append something to it, it does not amend the address and is cost-effective in terms of resource allocation.
So, when to use the string?
If we visit the basics, string is an array of character.
string temp = “Aylesbury”
for(int i = 0; i < 9; i++)
Console.WriteLine(temp[i] + “\n”);
The above will print all the characters in a new line.
How to optimize resource usage with string?
For that we need to refer to string interning.
var tmp = string.Intern(“Hello World”);
Here, any reference to “Hello World” will result in the address of tmp. The hash of the string content is the key and address is the value of the hashtable.
If we want to find if a string has been interned, we can use
var interned = string.IsInterned(tmp);
If the string is added to the intern pool, content of the string is returned and if not null is returned.
The string literals are interned by default.
string tmp = “OK”;
is interned by default.
var tmp = 123;
var temp = 123.ToString();
Here temp is not interned.
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